Cumulative Manufacturing Trade Deficit by Country

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A manufacturing deficit in trade occurs when a country’s imports of manufactured goods exceeds its exports in a given year. The cumulative manufacturing trade deficit is the sum of all goods trade surpluses or deficits starting at a given year.

This graph shows the United States’ cumulative manufacturing deficits from 1985 to 2019 vis-à-vis five selected countries: China, Germany, Italy, Japan, and Mexico.

Between 1985 and 2019, the United States imported $5.5 trillion more manufactured goods from China than it exported to China.

Place and move your cursor on the graph on the right to see the United States’ cumulative manufacturing trade deficit numbers between 1985–2019.